Global Customs Trends – Advance Commercial Information(ACI)
The idea for ACI was based on the American Container Security Initiative (CSI) that created preclearance rules. With the CSI effectively posting Customs officers at foreign ports around the world, Canada was under significant pressure to introduce a similar plan or face the reality that CBP officers would be placed in Canadian ports. As this would be a very visible loss of Canadian sovereignty, the CBSA quickly came up with the ACI plan. ACI includes the following rules, which are very similar to the rules of the CSI.
3. Implementation and Enforcement
<image source: Canada Border Services Agency>
(2) Phase 2: Air Mode and Marine Shipments Loaded in the United States
As well, ACI Phase 2 also expanded marine requirements to include shipments loaded in the United States.
(3) Phase 3: eManifest
(1) What is eManifest?
eManifest is a major transformative initiative that is modernizing and improving cross-border commercial processes. eManifest is the third phase of the Advance Commercial Information (ACI) initiative. ACI was introduced in the marine mode in 2004 and in the air mode in 2006.
When fully implemented, eManifest will require carriers, freight forwarders and importers in all modes of transportation (air, marine, highway and rail) to electronically transmit advance commercial information to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) within the prescribed mode-specific time frames.
(2) Why do we need eManifest?
Thousands of commercial shipments reach Canada’s border each day. By rigorously performing risk assessments on the advance data sent by the party who is in the best position to provide it, the CBSA is better able to assess the level of risk associated with each shipment.
(3) What are the benefits of eManifest?
eManifest will be a virtually paperless process that starts before shipments reach the border and enables low-risk, legitimate trade to cross the border more efficiently.
The transmission and notification systems being implemented under eManifest are improving two-way communication between businesses and with the CBSA. Businesses will also have the ability to receive all notices on the status and disposition of their shipments as they move through the commercial process, via Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) or the eManifest Portal.
eManifest is harmonizing information requirements to the greatest extent possible with the World Customs Organization and the United States (U.S.) Customs and Border Protection to reduce the administrative burden on business.
Trusted trader programs such Customs Self Assessment (CSA) and Partners in Protection (PIP) will continue to exist with the implementation of eManifest, and will complement the systems and processes that will be put in place by eManifest.
(4) What has been accomplished to date?
Global Customs Trends Series:
(1) U.S. – Automated Manifest System (AMS)
(2) U.S. – Import Security Filing (ISF) Regulation
(3) Canada – Advance Commercial Information (ACI)
(4) China – China Customs Advance Manifest (CCAM) Regulation
(5) Europe – Entry Summary Declaration (ENS)
(6) Japan – Advanced Filing Rule (AFR)
Posted by Ki-Nam Kim, a solution specialist, who has researched and developed a business solution related to customs and logistics.