Monthly Archives: October 2014

China Customs Clearance Process: China Customs Advance Manifest

Global Customs Trends – China Customs Advance Manifest (CCAM) Regulation

1. CCAM Regulation on China Customs Clearance Process

To standardize customs administration of manifest of inbound and outbound means of transportation, and facilitate and safeguard international trade, China customs issued “Decree No. 172 of General Administration of Customs” on March 28, 2008, which requires submission of complete and correct electronic cargo manifest to China Customs 24 hours prior to loading of cargoes onto vessels going out of and into mainland China ports as of January 1, 2009.

(1) Scope of the CCAM regulation

i. It applies to all mainland China ports, excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.
ii. It applies to export, import and transshipment cargo, with FROB (Freight Remain On Board) not requested.
 

(2) Cut off time for data submission

i. Entering China:
• Primary data items of original manifest submission: trunk line 24 hours, feeders from Hong Kong and Macau 2 hours, before vessel loading at overseas POL (port of loading).
• Secondary data items of original manifest submission: before vessel arrival at mainland China POD (port of discharge).
ii. Leaving China:
• Primary and secondary data items of pre-stowage manifest submission: trunk line 24 hours, feeders to Hong Kong and Macau 4 hours, before vessel loading at mainland China POL.
• Loading manifest submission: 30 minutes before vessel loading at mainland China POL.
 

(3) Manifest amendment procedure after submission?

i. Amendment before cut off time:
To send EDI amendment request to China Customs directly.
ii. Amendment after cut off time:
• To send both EDI and manual amendment request to China Customs.
• Requested documents in paper for manual process include: application form of manifest amendment; BL copy; and paper form manifest with seal.
• To arrange subsequent operation according to customs feedback message.
 

(4) Manifest revision case after customs cut off time

In any of the following cases, the manifest can be revised without any penalty:
• Loss or damage of the goods caused by force majeure;
• Part of or all export cargo in the manifest is shut out or shipped in a different means of transportation due to loading, stowing or other reasons;
• The more-or-less amount of the bulk cargo is within prescribed limits;
• Errors in data transmission caused by other objective reasons.
 

(5) What shall customer provide before the documentation closing?

The information should meet China Customs’ relative requirements for the data elements, which mainly include the following items:
• Complete names and addresses of the shipper, consignee and notify party
• Place of receipt, loading, discharging and delivery
• Cargo description such as the exact commodity name, quantity, packaging types and weight
• Container number and seal number
 

2. New China Customs Advance Manifest system effective

Effective June 28, 2014 (based on vessel arrival at China port of discharge), China Customs is requiring full compliance with the CCAM regulation on advance manifest submission. Although this regulation began in 2009, compliance with the requirements has not been mandatory until now. Below are the details of the regulatory requirements.

Cargo Subject to Advance Filing All containerized cargo discharging in China for final delivery in China.
Cargo Not Subject to Advance Filing Requirements FROB(freight remaining on board), cargo transshipping via China for delivery outside of China, Ro/Ro, break bulk, empty containers and NVOCC House bills of lading are not subject to the advance filing requirements.
Deadline of Advance Manifest Filing The carrier is required to submit data a minimum of 24 Hours prior to loading the vessel that will call China.
Documentation Cut-Off In order to ensure timely filing and allow operational flexibility in the event of noncompliance or the issuance of a DO NOT LOAD order, the documentation cut-off will be 48 hours (excluding weekends and holidays) prior to the respective port CY cut-off date/time for the applicable vessel.
Required Data Elements * Name of Shipper, Consignee & Notify Party(s)
* Complete street address, P.O. Box number, city, state / province of Shipper, Consignee & Notify Party(s)
* Place of Receipt
* Port of Loading
* Port of Discharge
* Place of Delivery
* Container Number(s)
* All Seal numbers affixed to container(s)
* Complete cargo description
* Gross weight per commodity item
* Total gross weight
* Number and type of packages per commodity item
* Total number and type of packages
* Complete hazardous commodity details (if applicable)
Administrative charges associated with this regulation are currently being evaluated.
 

3. China Customs website

For more information on China 24 hour Advance Manifest Filing Rules, please visit China Customs website:
• Decree No.172 in English:
• Decree No.172 in Chinese:
 
Posted by Ki-Nam Kim, a solution specialist, who has researched and developed a business solution related to customs and logistics.
 
For additional information on how you can prepare for CCAM regulation, please leave a comment below or contact us here.
 

4 Reasons Why Container Terminal Automation is Necessary

We know that the goods that are purchased in stores come by trucks. Only a few know, however, that those goods have travelled a long way and that in that movement container terminals are of great importance. Container Terminals are “hidden” inside of some mega ports in the city, but once inside, there is one of the most revolutionized sectors in the industry.
 
For the past decades, traditional container trade has been changing with the new technologies, and in this important field, CyberLogitec is contributing a lot to its advance. 
 
During the last decades of the 20th century, in the port industry, there have been great advances and it is by the following top 4 needs related to the automation in terminal industries:
 
Container Terminal Automation Software OPUS Terminal and Eagle Eye
1. Cost reduction
Facing pressure to reduce containers’ moving costs, operators pass it to container terminals. So, container terminals are forced to reduce the costs to offer competitive prices to the operators.
 
Labor-dependent, an old-fashioned model, doesn’t have competitive edge anymore. Therefore, the importance of cost reduction is getting bigger with new automated container terminals.
 
 
2. Accurate and fast operation
As a consequence of cost reduction, container terminals need to increase the productivity of operation moves/hour, so that they may provide operators with an opportunity to lessen berthing time for their vessels.
 
Precise control and optimized operation by the robust terminal operating system has increased terminal capacity, container traceability and productivity. 
  
High container move productivity reduces shipping liners’ berthing time. The optimized yard stacking policy with up-to-date TOS (terminal operating system) logics for automatic machines increases total terminal capacity. And tracking every point of container movement from the point of terminal-in to terminal-out without any human intervention ensures safety of containers and great credit for shipping liners and cargo owners.
 
 
3. Safety
Container terminals have big machineries and companies are increasing the security measures by replacing dangerous areas with fully automated areas.
 
Still, we should admit that there are more areas which we need to automate in terms of safety. However, equipment that is already automated such as automatic yard stacking cranes, unmanned shuttle carriers, AGVs (automatic guided vehicles) and remote control of heavy machineries such as quay cranes are now doing risky jobs instead of human beings.
 
There is no doubt that terminal operators should have full availability for shipping liners. Once there is any accident caused by safety issues, the terminal will not be able to avoid operation stoppage and attract shipping liners anymore.

 

4. Stable and sustainable business (Green Layout)
Container terminals must adapt to the new environmental rules, especially in Europe. This generates the need to change the traditional RGT’s machinery to the ASC’s machinery, with zero CO2 emissions.
 
Needs for green ports are increasing in every country and that is one of the rationales for cost reduction, as it will be pushed through environmental protection programs.
 
Environmentally friendly port operation with a fully automatic solution is definitely the right way for stable and sustainable terminal business.
TTI Algeciras terminal in which OPUS Terminal TOS is in operation

TTI Algeciras terminal in which OPUS Terminal TOS is implemented

 
Posted by Joan Piñol, a supervisor of CyberLogitec Spain who has been involved in TTIA terminal TOS Project from the beginning to optimize, tune and improve and maintenance of OPUS Terminal. He is currently performing error analyzer, developer, logic configuration, terminal operation support of TOS and enhancement of the system.
 
Have something to say about container terminal automation? or Do you want to know more about our software solutions? Leave a comment below. We’ll get back to you as soon as we can.

Discussion on Maritime and Logistics Strategy at Asia Ports 2014

A Visit to Asia Ports 2014 Conference

— Indonesian Ports Have Growing Growth Potential

 

From Oct. 7 through 10, Ports Conference, which was hosted by IBC Asia, was held in Jakarta, Indonesia. As a melting pot for infrastructure projects, Indonesia now sees huge opportunities for port business created with the new local government’s speedy expansion of investment. Especially, this year’s conference was a highly valued event that provided special opportunities as follows.
 
- Indonesia Government updates on new projects
- 15+ regional projects and 20+ case studies
- Round tables on Strategy and Operations
- Co-located with Asia Transport Infrastructure
- Range of partnership and business opportunities for investors, technology and equipment vendors and port operators
 
 
The most impressive presentation delivered in the several sessions of the conference came with the title of “Trend and Future Requirements for Indonesian Ports”, which was given by Truong Bui, Project Manager from Roland Berger. Through a forecast in his presentation, Mr. Bui suggested that while Singapore would continue to play the role of a major hub, some other route could emerge to replace it in the long term. This would be due to the accelerating economic growth in Southeast Asian. Especially Indonesia, boasting its geographical advantage of being positioned between China and India and facing an increasing trade volume in the ASEAN region, was predicted to register great growth potential.
CyberLogitec attended Asia Ports Conference 2014

CyberLogitec attended Asia Ports Conference 2014

 

Meanwhile, tapped by the Indonesia Port Corporations or PT Pelabuhan Indonesia (Pelindo II) as ‘Standard Terminal Operating System Provider’, CyberLogitec joined the conference as a main sponsorship company with a view to promoting OPUS Terminal and Eage Eye. The venue was attended by major port-related dignitaries including officials from the Indonesian government and Pelindo, and representatives from Manila in the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia. CyberLogitec, Konecranes, and Gaussin joined it as main sponsors, while companies such as TSB, Navis, Roland Berger, and HPC Port Consulting were present as delegates.

 

CyberLogitec as a Main Sponsorship Company at Asia Ports Conference 2014

Organizer and Sponsors of Asia Ports Conference 2014

 
Posted by In-Chon Park, a Business Analyst who has investigated container terminal market for several years and conducted TOS projects recently.
 
 
Have something to say about this maritime and logistics conference or Indonesian ports? Leave a comment below for further discussion!

Document Data Capture Software at Ramses Logistics

D-Cube Documents Data Capture Solution at Ramses Logistics

D-Cube Documents Data Capture Solution at Ramses Logistics

Ramses Logistics is one of international multimodal transporters specialized in importing and exporting transports to the US and special container cargo transports. They implemented D-Cube documents data capture solution to improve their documents transferring process.
 
 

If you would like to know more about this documents data capture solution for shipping and logistics companies, here is a video showing how this shipping instruction automation solution works.

Terminal Operating System at TTI Algeciras terminal and the Successful factors

*Source: TTI Algeciras
 
The video shows how TTI Algeciras terminal equipped with our OPUS Terminal operates.
This container terminal, located in Algeciras, Spain, is a semi-automated terminal with vertical yard layout. Cyberlogitec already supported automated yard operation, despite differences in automation level and yard layout.

 

Even though there were several challenges when we implemented terminal operating system at TTI Algeciras terminal, we solved the problem methodically. Go to this page to learn more what happened at the project and how we implemented the terminal operating system successfully.

 
 
If you have any questions about the software solutions, please leave your questions on comments below.

Canadian Customs Clearance Process: Advance Commercial Information

Global Customs Trends – Advance Commercial Information(ACI)

 

1. Overview

The ACI program is about providing CBSA (Canada Border Services Agency) officers with electronic pre-arrival information so that they are equipped with the right information at the right time to identify health, safety and security threats related to commercial goods before the goods arrive in Canada.


2. Background

In 2000, then-Minister of National Revenue Martin Cauchon introduced the objectives that would lead to ACI as part of the Customs Action Plan. After the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States, the security benefits associated with the project took on new importance. In the Canada-US Smart Border Declaration created in December of that year, then-Foreign Affairs Minister John Manley and United States Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge called for “a system to collaborate in identifying high risk goods while expediting the flow of low risk goods.”

The idea for ACI was based on the American Container Security Initiative (CSI) that created preclearance rules. With the CSI effectively posting Customs officers at foreign ports around the world, Canada was under significant pressure to introduce a similar plan or face the reality that CBP officers would be placed in Canadian ports. As this would be a very visible loss of Canadian sovereignty, the CBSA quickly came up with the ACI plan. ACI includes the following rules, which are very similar to the rules of the CSI.

3. Implementation and Enforcement

Advance Commercial Information-Verification of a marine container at dockside

(1) Phase 1: Marine Mode
Phase I of the Advance Commercial Information (ACI) Program was implemented on April 19, 2004, requiring marine carriers to electronically transmit marine cargo data to the CBSA 24 hours prior to cargo loading at a foreign port. This requirement allows the CBSA to effectively identify threats to Canada’s health, safety, and security prior to the arrival of cargo and conveyances in Canada.

<image source: Canada Border Services Agency>

 
(2) Phase 2: Air Mode and Marine Shipments Loaded in the United States

Implementation of Phase 2 of the ACI program was completed on July 26, 2006, requiring air carriers and freight forwarders, where applicable, to electronically transmit conveyance, cargo and supplementary cargo data to the CBSA four hours prior to arrival in Canada or, if the duration of the flight to Canada is less than four hours, before the aircraft’s time of departure.

As well, ACI Phase 2 also expanded marine requirements to include shipments loaded in the United States.


(3) Phase 3: eManifest

eManifest will require the electronic transmission of advance cargo and conveyance information from carriers for all highway and rail shipments. In addition, the electronic transmission of advance secondary data will be required with freight forwarders and the electronic transmission of advance importer data will be required by importers or their brokers. Let’s find out more about eManifest in the next section.
 


4. eManifest

(1) What is eManifest?

eManifest is a major transformative initiative that is modernizing and improving cross-border commercial processes. eManifest is the third phase of the Advance Commercial Information (ACI) initiative. ACI was introduced in the marine mode in 2004 and in the air mode in 2006.

When fully implemented, eManifest will require carriers, freight forwarders and importers in all modes of transportation (air, marine, highway and rail) to electronically transmit advance commercial information to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) within the prescribed mode-specific time frames.

(2) Why do we need eManifest?

eManifest is part of the overall measure the Government of Canada is putting in place to enhance the safety, security and prosperity of Canadians and international trade while streamlining commercial cross-border processes.

Thousands of commercial shipments reach Canada’s border each day. By rigorously performing risk assessments on the advance data sent by the party who is in the best position to provide it, the CBSA is better able to assess the level of risk associated with each shipment.

(3) What are the benefits of eManifest?

The CBSA is committed to delivering a reliable, modernized and efficient commercial processing system that provides benefits to the trade community, the Government of Canada, and to Canadians.

eManifest will be a virtually paperless process that starts before shipments reach the border and enables low-risk, legitimate trade to cross the border more efficiently.

The transmission and notification systems being implemented under eManifest are improving two-way communication between businesses and with the CBSA. Businesses will also have the ability to receive all notices on the status and disposition of their shipments as they move through the commercial process, via Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) or the eManifest Portal.

eManifest is harmonizing information requirements to the greatest extent possible with the World Customs Organization and the United States (U.S.) Customs and Border Protection to reduce the administrative burden on business.

Trusted trader programs such Customs Self Assessment (CSA) and Partners in Protection (PIP) will continue to exist with the implementation of eManifest, and will complement the systems and processes that will be put in place by eManifest.

(4) What has been accomplished to date?

eManifest accomplishments to date include:
• the deployment of electronic systems (EDI and eManifest Portal) for highway carriers to transmit advance cargo and conveyance data, in 2011;
• the deployment of EDI systems for rail carriers to transmit advance cargo and conveyance data, in 2012; and
• the deployment of EDI and eManifest Portal systems for freight forwarders in all modes of transportation to transmit advance house bill data, in 2013.
Voluntary compliance periods are currently in effect for highway and rail carriers as well as for freight forwarders.

 

For additional information on how you can prepare for ACI / eManifest, please leave a comment below or contact us here.

 

Global Customs Trends Series:
(1) U.S. – Automated Manifest System (AMS)
(2) U.S. – Import Security Filing (ISF) Regulation
(3) Canada – Advance Commercial Information (ACI)
(4) China – China Customs Advance Manifest (CCAM) Regulation
(5) Europe – Entry Summary Declaration (ENS)
(6) Japan – Advanced Filing Rule (AFR)


Posted by Ki-Nam Kim, a solution specialist, who has researched and developed a business solution related to customs and logistics.

Container Terminal Operations and Automation in Middle-East

The Use of Automation in Container Terminal is Becoming Gradually Common

Requiring higher productivity, container terminals are increasingly deploying terminal automation. Jebel Ali container terminal #3 and King Abdullah Port have recently commenced their operations successfully. Both of these terminals implemented CyberLogitec’s leading-edge technology, OPUS Terminal and Eagle Eye as their TOS and automation package. Let’s find out a brief information on those terminal projects and the automation technology they deployed.
 
Convergence of ITC in maritime logistics in middle-east from CyberLogitec

 
*This slide was presented at 2014 ICMCI (The International Council of Management Consulting Institute) World Conference as an excellent logistics technology consulting case.

 

Posted by In-Chon Park, a Business Analyst who has investigated container terminal market for several years and conducted TOS projects recently.

 

Have something to say about the container terminal automation system? or Do you want to know more about our solutions? Leave a comment below. We’ll get back to you as soon as we can!