Monthly Archives: August 2014

Container Terminal Simulation Software with Enhanced Design leading Effective Job

How Easy UI for Users Made a Difference for Effective Job in Container Terminals

To move a container at a harbor, RTG(Rubber Tyred Gantry Crane) and ITV(In Terminal Vehicle) must participate in the same job. Good communication between these two is required for finishing a job. Eagle Eye VMT(Vehicle Mounted Terminal) is a terminal application system capable of container terminal simulation. It gives a job order to ITV and RTG operators working at the container terminal to carry and stack containers fast, accurately and effectively.

Process of Developing Eagle Eye VMT’s Design

process of developing eagle eye vmt container terminal simulation software
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Painpoint & Improvements

ITV | As-is

 ITV as-is | Container Terminal Operating System  
●Hard to intuitively understand the current location and status.
●Jobs are numbered. Secondary Interpretation is required.
●Job list does not have priority classifications.

ITV | To-be

Focus on the necessary information for each phase without additional controls by users, in order to improve the information awareness.
●By providing the visual information for each order execution phase, it can help overall understanding of the current order execution progress.

●Only provides the necessary information for the current phase to minimize confusions.
●Presents visual information of destinations and order types to help easy awareness.
ITV To-be
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RTG | AS-is

RTG as-is | Container Terminal Operating System
●Hard to know the current location and status.
●Causing confusions by providing unnecessary information.
●Providing data sorted by date, which is irrelevant to job execution.
●No classification of jobs. Hard to understand the jobs to be executed.

RTG | To-be

User perspective visual information to minimize the learning process and to help effective understanding of the current condition
●Displays the RTG location and the screen changes depending on the RTG job condition. So, you can intuitively understand the current condition.
●Shows orders of the left/right to the current RTG location to help workers easily understand their business.
●Notifies the ITV condition and location for co-working to minimize the working hours.
●Visually provides the container information to help understanding.

 RTG to-be | Container Terminal Simulation Software

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Details of Simple Conveyance System

Easy to use process to minimize operational errorsEagle Eye VMT | Container Terminal Simulation Software
Warning mode to notify alerts in case of danger and night mode for night drivers
Eagle Eye VMT | Container Terminal Simulation Software
Screen design similar to the actual vision of users/screen switching depending on the progress helps users to make judgement.
Eagle Eye VMT | Container Terminal Simulation Software
Warning mode to notify alerts in case of danger and night mode for night drivers.
Eagle Eye VMT | Container Terminal Simulation Software
Would like to see how this software works? Learn more here via the video showing how the container terminal automation system works.
Have any questions about this award-winning terminal simulation software? Leave a comment below or go to Contact us page. We’ll get back to you soon.

Container Terminal Automation Software for an Efficient Terminal Operation

Do you want to focus your efforts on increasing efficiency in container yard operations, while integrating other terminal operation processes? Eagle Eye software solution is not only a terminal asset and container monitoring/tracking system but also a process automation system supporting security/safety management. 
Eagle Eye is an integrated system of various sub-systems in container terminals and interfaces with any types of TOS. Each of the sub systems comprising Eagle Eye measures, gathers specific data set from CHEs, and evaluates, modifies and merges them as meaningful data set for terminal operation.
The video above is describing how Eagle Eye, a container terminal automation software, integrates terminal operations. It shows how the solution supports discharging, loading, gate-in to alert and reporting. Find out how it works via this video!


Want to learn more about the Eagle Eye container terminal automation software? See related posts below.

How to Make Ship Chartering Contracts Easy

I Know What You did Last Ship Chartering Contract

People take pictures of or write a journal about what they want to remember for a long time or what they consider to be valuable memory. Such experiences ordinarily stay beyond their memory and are easily called in when they look at or try to look up printed photos. A journal is a more specific record; by saving those feelings and circumstances in text, it provides memory as a more vivid record. Memory as a record saved somewhere enables a person to figure out what part of life he or she finds touching or what pattern his or her travel forms and exercises influence on planning a next trip.
Then, is there a way to save patterns frequently experienced in the past or cases worth taking as a guide, like photography or journals? Tasks of bulk or container shipping companies include a certain amount of simple information entering operation. Since they are more frequently involved in proceeding with typical types of contracts or making minor changes to existing terms and conditions than in creating new terms and conditions for each contract, starting all over to enter information in all items should be cumbersome to employees. As a shipping operations software that can minimize such inconveniences, OPUS Bulk can bring good news to shipping companies tired with manual operation.
time saving and high profit via shipping operations softwareOne of the effects that bulk shipping companies expect through adopting ship chartering software should be winning contracts through fast profitability analysis. OPUS Bulk memorizes information on the vessel, cargo, and port with the data entered by staff. And when a new voyage starts, the program automatically inputs various basic data, thus ensuring prompter analysis of profitability for a specific chartering contract. Also, the software not only provides the feature of voyage estimation that automatically calculates revenue, expense, hire base, P/L etc. in cargo booking according to vessel schedule, but also enables management of cargo offers considering tanker specifics and owner-specific or contract-specific profitability management for multiple freights.
shipping operations software for ship chartering_opus bulk

Screenshot of OPUS Bulk

Through a profitability analysis thus implemented in this chartering and operations software, a shipping company can conveniently conclude a cargo transport contract. It can look up and figure out past pre-fixtures and invoice processing related to a specific contract, but also check approval through approval history.

In our next issue, we will see from a contract concluded as above how data is entered when a voyage is in progress, taking a look how the actual data is used.

Posted by Seung-Hee Seo, a Business strategist, who has made business plans and researched the maritime industry including container and bulk shipping. 


If you have any questions about the process of using OPUS Bulk to analyze profitability and manage chartering contracts for a bulk shipping company, please leave a comment below or go to Contact Us. 

US Customs Clearance Process: Automated Manifest System

US Customs Clearance-24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest Rule

Global Customs Trends – Automated Manifest System (AMS)

1. The Latest Trend in US Customs Clearance after September 11 Attacks

In response to the disasters caused by the synchronized terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States has introduced a variety of enhanced security measures. They are being implemented in two major directions: administrative reorganization and amendment as well as supplementation of existing institutions.
The former pivots on the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and with the administrative reorganization, adoption of new security measures is gaining speed. And the latter is what US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) implements by coming up with measures to stop maritime terrorism by creating a container security program that systematically screens trade goods arriving in the US, with a view to upgrading security for cargoes imported to the country and their route. Crucial elements of the latter are set up around Container Security Initiative (CSI) and 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest Rule (commonly called 24-Hour rule).

2. Background of 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest Rule

September 11 attacks posed serious problems as to the maritime container cargo transport, in that if international terrorists with intent to mount terror attacks bring into the US weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or nuclear weapons cached in a container ship, the damage should be tremendous. In fact, after September 11 attacks, experts estimate that ships are quite likely to become the next target for terrorists. As a matter of fact, container ships engaged in import and export operations go through ports in a number of countries and carry a great variety of cargoes and thus, run the risk of loading terror-related merchandise. That is why it has become imperative that they come up with a more secure system to stop international terrorists from taking advantage of maritime containers to commit acts of terrorism.

3. Key Specifics of 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest Rule

 (1) Submitter of 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest
Parties that are directly involved in the implementation of 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest Rule include not only transporters (shipping companies) but also Non-Vessel Operating Common Carriers (NVOCCs) that use transportation service. Accordingly, 24 hours prior to loading at foreign ports, all transporters that want their cargo-carrying ships to call at US ports must submit a vessel manifest to the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP), using CBP Form 1302 or an electronic form that has been approved by CBP as the same. Moved up from the previous deadline set by CBP, which was 48 hours before arrival to a US port, the new regulation is designed to ensure a cargo security check.
Besides shipping companies, NVOCCs that deliver goods to shipping companies for loading from foreign ports must get a license from the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) or, if in possession of International Carrier Bond, must electronically submit a vessel manifest to CBP through Automated Manifest System (AMS) 24 hours ahead of loading from a foreign port.

(2) Specifics of Declaration in 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest

As shown in Table 1, transporters or NVOCCs must submit information on cargo, container, and ship classified in total 14 categories.
<Table 1> Specifics of Declaration in 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest
Cargo information
  • Ship’s (or transporter’s) B/L number and quantity.
  • žAccurate description (with 6-digit HS code) and weight of freight, or for sealed containers, shipper-provided description and weight (however, such generic description as “freight all kinds (FAK)”, “general cargo”, and “said to contain (STC)” are not acceptable).
  • žB/L-listed shipper’s full name and address or identification number assigned by CBP.
  • žB/L-listed consignee’s full name and address, owner’s representative’s name and address, or identification number assigned by CBP.
  • žInternationally recognized hazardous substances code.
Container information
  • žContainer number.
  • žThe seal number attached to the container.
Ship information
  • žThe last port which a US-bound ship departs from.
  • žStandard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC).
  • žCarrier assigned voyage number.
  • žScheduled date of arrival to the first port of call in the US.
  • žName of the port where a US-bound foreign transporter receives cargo.
  • žShip name (its IMO number), name of the country where documents are created, and ship’s official number.
  • žName of the foreign port where freight has been loaded.

(3) Exceptions to 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest

A transporter etc. that specializes in carrying bulk cargoes such as oil, grains, and iron ore, or break bulk cargo (not loaded into containers, but packaged or bundled up) must submit a cargo declaration to US CBP 24 hours prior to its arrival in a US port.

(4) Sanctions for Violations of 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest Rule

In customs clearance, strict compliance with 24-Hour Rule is essential to securing the global supply chain from the perspective of US CBP. Therefore, against violations of 24-Hour Rule, US CBP imposes sanctions such as refusal to receive a vessel manifest, levying a fine, sending a message banning loading, refusal to offload containers, and detaining or confiscating a ship.

a. Refusal to receive a vessel manifest

With this measure, US Customs and Border Protection demands detailed and accurate provision of 15 items on top of the existing requirements for a vessel manifest. Therefore, when a transporter or an NVOCC fails to comply with the requirement for cargo declaration, US CBP may refuse to receive a vessel manifest. With regard to providing detailed and accurate information for a vessel manifest, phrases expressing ignorance or lack of knowledges such as “shipper’s load and count”, “said to contain”, “container sealed by shipper”, and “contents unknown”, or vague expressions such as “general cargo” are not going to be accepted. It is not acceptable to leave the ‘Consignee’ unnamed, simply state “As directed” or “As directed by shipper” in ‘Consignee’ or ‘Person to be notified’ without providing specific relevant information, write in a consignee name only without an address, or provide an incomplete or invalid address.

b. Levying a fine

A fine is to be imposed on a transporter or an NVOCC that is late in submitting a vessel manifest. To be specific, in case a transporter or an NVOCC fails to submit a vessel manifest in accordance with the rule, fails to declare in the manner specified in the rule, fails to declare within the required time limit, or electronically transmits to US CBP counterfeited, doctored, or false documents, vessel manifest, or data, a transporter is fined USD 5,000 for the first violation and USD 10,000 for each following violation while an NVOCC is charged USD 5,000 for later settlement and USD 5,000 for each next violation.

c. Sending a message banning loading and refusal to discharge containers

To a transporter or an NVOCC that has violated the 24-Hour Rule with incompletely filed cargo, US CBP delivers a message banning loading (‘Do Not Load’). This loading-banning message means that CBP has prohibited a shipping company from loading on a ship from an overseas port heading to the US a specific container found in violation of the 24-Hour Rule with an invalid or incomplete vessel manifest, or with regard to requirement related to consignee name or address. A transporter or an NVOCC that ignores a loading-banning message and goes ahead to load a specific container will be denied permission to discharge the container at the US port where the ship will arrive.

d. Detaining or confiscating a ship

When it fails to receive complete cargo information through a specified vessel manifest from a transporter or an NVOCC no later than 24 hours to the loading of cargo at a foreign port, the US CBP may prohibit offloading of the entire cargo until all required information is received, and may detain or confiscate a ship if it is loaded with weapons of mass destruction etc.
Thus, we have surveyed the background of and key details of 24-Hour Advance Vessel Manifest, which was fully enforced in the US from February 2003. In our next issue, we will take a bit closer look at the key specifics of Importer Security Filing and additional carrier requirements.
Global Customs Trends Series:
Posted by Ki-Nam Kim, a solution specialist, who has researched and developed business solution related to customs and logistics.
Have something to say about Automated Manifest System of the US? Please leave a comment below or contact us.

Terminal Simulation Software, the Innovation in Tracking Containers and Equipment

Things are not always what they appear to be.

Humans will believe what is seen through eyes only. So, wherever they are, visibility is an important issue. The same is true of the first designer of a container terminal, since CCTVs installed in every key location of a terminal monitor and control its operation, as if to prove that humans will believe what is seen through eyes only. Closed-circuit television cameras use video cameras to transmit signal to a specific monitor placed in a specific location. To make a long story short, they are intended to watch a pre-defined space where cameras are installed, thus making it very difficult to track trucks or (equipment) in a large area of a terminal with CCTVs alone.

With the development of virtual reality technology, a number of areas now apply it in such activities as education and remote control. For example, it has found wide applications in diverse areas such as medicine for surgery and anatomy practice and aviation & military for flight training. Like this, virtual reality presents an environment that is hardly accessible in everyday life and thereby makes sure that people manipulate it as if they were in it even though they are not. For a container terminal, a terminal simulation software called Virtual Terminal now enables people to figure out where a specific container or a specific piece of equipment is located, without requiring a real picture for the operation.
Tracking and recognizing where containers and equipment are located and where they are going is a critical component in terminal operation. Information of their location would make it possible to carry out optimized location planning and efficient equipment operation. As we have said earlier, tracking containers and equipment only with CCTVs not only should slow the process and take a lot of time for the search, but also may force us to give up such efforts in bad weather or in darkness.
screen of CCTV tracking containers at container terminal

Screen of CCTV tracking containers and equipment

With this Virtual Terminal, the container terminal simulation software, however, we could use UX to have easier container and equipment tracking and ensure prompt response to exceptional situations. In a virtual reality environment, a terminal operator, who wants to access his or her necessary information, could come up with detailed information with a mouse movement and one single click, as shown below.
Screenshot of Virtual Terminal, the container terminal simulation software

Screenshot of Virtual Terminal in an automated container terminal

Screenshot of Virtual Terminal, the container terminal simulation software

Screenshot of Virtual Terminal in an automated container terminal

Posted by In-Chon Park, a Business Analyst who has investigated container terminal market for several years and conducted TOS projects recently.


Have something to say about tracking containers and equipment in automated container terminals? Leave a comment below. We’ll get back to you as soon as we can.


How this Container Terminal Automation System Works

To move a container to a harbor, RTG(Rubber Tyred Gantry Crance) and ITV(In Terminal Vehicle) must participate in the same job. Good communication between these two is required for finishing a job. We developed the terminal application system with enhanced user interface. It now can give job order to ITV and RTG operators working at the container terminal to carry and stack containers fast, accurately and effectively. See how it works via a video below.

This Eagle Eye* VMT(Vehicle Mounted Terminal) was selected as a finalist at the International Design Excellence Awards 2014! If you want to know more about Eagle Eye VMT on the IDEA 2014, go to this page to look at its designing process and how we improved the product UI
*Eagle Eye
This is a fully integrated automation system designed and developed for modern container terminals to focus their efforts on increasing efficiency in yard operations, while integrating other terminal operation processes. Learn more about this container terminal automation system here.

How do we Automate Shipping Instructions?

We automated the converting process of shipping instructions from the traditional forms with D-Cube S/I, and this video explains how it works.

If you want to know more about the software solution, please visit here and leave your questions in the comments section below.